DMCA #whoknows

Cengage Learning
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Tuesday, February 11, 2014
 
 
RE: Unauthorized Use of Cengage Learning Material
 
In reference to the following Cengage Learning product(s): An Introduction to Language 9th Edition by Victoria Fromkin
 
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DMCA #whatever

To Whom it May Concern,

Pursuant to 17 USC 512(c)(3)(A), this communication serves as a statement that:

(1). I am the duly authorized representative of the exclusive rights holder for the books entitled Science and Pseudoscience in Clinical Psychology

(2). These exclusive rights are being violated by material available upon your site at the following URL(s):
emilkirkegaard.dk/en/wp-content/uploads/Science-and-pseudoscience-in-clinical-psychology-edited-by-Scott-O.-Lilienfeld-Steven-Jay-Lynn-Jeffrey-M.-Lohr..pdf

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(4) Under penalty of perjury in a United States court of law, I state that the information contained in this notification is accurate, and that I am authorized to act on the behalf of the exclusive rights holder for the material in question;


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07 November 2013

Guilford Publications: 72 Spring Street, 4th Floor, New York, NY 10012

Sony tries censorship…

arstechnica.com/gaming/2013/10/when-a-virtual-actress-nude-images-leak-who-should-take-the-legal-blame/

 

When nude images of Jodie Holmes, actress Ellen Page’s character from Beyond: Two Souls, began appearing on the Internet a few weeks ago (courtesy of a repositioned shower-scene camera running on debug hardware) we thought the story was a little too tabloidy to cover. This kind of embarrassing, tawdry celebrity gossip is pretty common in the entertainment industry, even if it’s relatively rare in video games particularly. Scandals revolving around supposedly inaccessible adult content in games aren’t completely unheard of, though; remember GTA: San AndreasHot Coffee?

But when reports surfaced earlier this week that Sony was making vague legal threats in an effort to remove those images from the Internet, our news ears started perking up a little.

Nordic entertainment site Eskimo Press was the first to report that Sony Computer Entertainment Europe asked them to take down the leaked images, citing unspecified “legal reasons” for the request. This action came despite the fact that Eskimo Press merely linked to the images on another server rather than hosting them itself. Culture site Gaming Blend said it received a similar request from Sony Computer Entertainment America, which went so far as to request that the original story be taken down entirely.

 

I hate censorship. I went to /b/ to get the pics. They are nothing special.

DMCA

Technically, these shudnt apply in DK anyway, or what?

Subject: Notice of Copyright Infringement
Sender: Ian Noble
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RE: Copyright Infringement.

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Copyright works:

Paper: Introducing the construct curiosity for predicting job performance

Introducing the construct curiosity for predicting job performance

Mussel, Patrick. “Introducing the construct curiosity for predicting job performance.” Journal of Organizational Behavior (2012).
I read this a while ago. pretty interesting.

Summary

The present paper provides a conceptual and empirical examination regarding the relevance of the construct curiosity for work-related outcomes. On the basis of a review and integration of the literature regarding the construct itself, the construct is conceptually linked with performance in the work context. In line with a confirmatory research strategy, the sample of the present study (N = 320) has requirements which reflect this conceptual link. Results from a concurrent validation study confirmed the hypothesis regarding the significance of curiosity for job performance (r = .34). Furthermore, incremental validity of curiosity above 12 cognitive and non-cognitive predictors for job performance suggests that curiosity captures variance in the criterion that is not explained by predictors traditionally used in organizational psychology. It is concluded that curiosity is an important variable for the prediction and explanation of work-related behavior. Furthermore, given the dramatic changes in the world of work, the importance is likely to rise, rather than to decline, which has important implications for organizational theories and applied purposes, such as personnel selection.

Another case of someone who intuited the modal fallacy early on?

plato.stanford.edu/entries/moore/#2

So, on the face of it, this thesis has here been inferred from Leibniz’ Law. Moore observes, however, that the step from (1) to (2) is invalid; it confuses the necessity of a connection with the necessity of the consequent. In ordinary language this distinction is not clearly marked, although it is easy to draw it with a suitable formal language.

Moore’s argument here is a sophisticated piece of informal modal logic; but whether it really gets to the heart of the motivation for Bradley’s Absolute idealism can be doubted. My own view is that Bradley’s dialectic rests on a different thesis about the inadequacy of thought as a representation of reality, and thus that one has to dig rather deeper into Bradley’s idealist metaphysics both to extract the grounds for his monism and to exhibit what is wrong with it.

 

Interesting. GE Moore is in good company, along with Leibniz.

Various 23-10-2012

papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1761333
Fatherhood by Conscription: Nonconsensual Insemination and the Duty of Child Support

Abstract:
Nathaniel was a California teenager who became a father in 1995. The mother of Nathaniel’s child was named Ricci, and at the time of conception, she was thirty-four years old. Nathaniel, however, was merely fifteen. Although Nathaniel admitted to having sex with Ricci voluntarily about five times, the fact that he was under sixteen years of age at the time made it legally impossible for him to consent to sexual intercourse. In other words, under California law, Nathaniel was not only a new father, but was also a victim of statutory rape. Nonetheless, in a subsequent action for child support, the court held that Nathaniel was liable for the support of the child who was born as a result of his rape. According to the court, “Victims have rights. Here, the victim also has responsibilities.”

Much of the law relating to child support is based on the fact that it is typically in a child’s best interest to receive financial support from mothers as well as fathers. So strong is this precept that courts will hold a father liable for child support even in the face of wrongful conduct by the mother. Thus, child support is essentially a form of strict liability with the justification being that the child is an innocent party, and, therefore, it is the child’s interests and welfare that the court must look to in adjudicating support. At first glance, such a standard seems eminently reasonable. Few would argue with the proposition that, if a man voluntarily has sex with a woman and a child results, then he should be liable for child support. The problem with the court’s current approach, however, is that the standard is so strict that even those men who never consented to the sexual act that caused the pregnancy are nonetheless liable for the support of the resulting child. These men include males who became fathers as a result of statutory rape and also adult males who became fathers either as a result of sexual assault or having their sperm stolen and used by a woman for purposes of self-insemination. In all such cases, these “fathers” have been held liable for child support.

The purpose then of this article is, first, to underscore the criticisms that other commentators have raised on how the strict liability approach poses a grave injustice not only to the men who are pressed into the obligations of fatherhood but also to society, which has an interest in protecting all citizens from sexual assault. More importantly, however, I also offer a new objection and, on that basis, a proposed solution. Specifically, the courts’ justification that all children are entitled to support from both biological parents has been seriously undermined by the laws regulating artificial insemination. In that context, a man (regardless of whether he is the sperm donor or the non-donor husband of the inseminated female) only becomes the legal father of an artificially inseminated child if he affirmatively consents. I argue that it is incongruous to allow exceptions for formal sperm donors yet wholesale deny similar protections for those who, although not in the setting of a sperm bank, never consented to the use of their sperm. Accordingly, I propose a solution whereby courts adopt an approach similar (albeit narrower) to that used in artificial insemination cases to adjudicate child support claims against those men who were forced into fatherhood as a result of nonconsensual insemination.

O_o

www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/jun/02/sewage-mozart-germany

Anton Stucki, Swiss-born chief operator of the sewage centre in Treuenbrietzen, an hour south-west of Berlin, believes the chords and cadences of the compositions speed up the way the organisms work and lead to a quicker breakdown of biomass.
“We think the secret is in the vibrations of the music, which penetrate everything – including the water, the sewage and the cells. It creates a certain resonance that stimulates the microbes and helps them to work better. We’re still in the test phase, but I’ve already noticed that the sewage breakdown is more efficient,” he said.

“But my theory as to why it works is that Mozart managed to transpose universal laws of nature into his music. It has an effect on people of every age and every cultural background. So why not on microbes? After all, they’re living organisms just like us.”
The plant expects savings of as much as €1,000 a month. It has welcomed requests from any scientists who wish to follow the process.

the article doesnt even have criticism of this and how it wont work… i checked the author. she is apparently a foreign correspondant – iow, not relevant.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jennifer%27s_Law

the most useless law ever?

Jennifer’s Law is a law in the state of Texas, in the United States that permits school districts to award posthumous diplomas to students who die during their senior year of high school.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Memory_hole
never heard of this (didnt read the novel) – found via this: thunderf00tdotorg.wordpress.com/2012/10/17/the-comments-pz-myers-doesnt-want-you-to-see/

i was curious about the whole bsnss after having watched c. video appeal to PZ Myers. apparently PZM is a moron. www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=wmMXiqbD9Dc

“I also think there are prices too high to pay to save the United States. Conscription is one of them. Conscription is slavery, and I don’t think that any people or nation has a right to save itself at the price of slavery for anyone, no matter what name it is called. We have had the draft for twenty years now; I think this is shameful. If a country can’t save itself through the volunteer service of its own free people, then I say : Let the damned thing go down the drain!” – Robert A. Heinlein, Guest of Honor Speech at the 29th World Science Fiction Convention, Seattle, WA (1961)

source

Initiative 502: Legalizing marijuana (via LEAP on Facebook)
www.spokesman.com/stories/2012/oct/20/initiative-502-legalizing-marijuana/

www.techdirt.com/articles/20121008/14334820644/study-viewing-cat-videos-work-can-make-you-more-productive.shtml
www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0046362

Abstract
Kawaii (a Japanese word meaning “cute”) things are popular because they produce positive feelings. However, their effect on behavior remains unclear. In this study, three experiments were conducted to examine the effects of viewing cute images on subsequent task performance. In the first experiment, university students performed a fine motor dexterity task before and after viewing images of baby or adult animals. Performance indexed by the number of successful trials increased after viewing cute images (puppies and kittens; M ± SE = 43.9±10.3% improvement) more than after viewing images that were less cute (dogs and cats; 11.9±5.5% improvement). In the second experiment, this finding was replicated by using a non-motor visual search task. Performance improved more after viewing cute images (15.7±2.2% improvement) than after viewing less cute images (1.4±2.1% improvement). Viewing images of pleasant foods was ineffective in improving performance (1.2±2.1%). In the third experiment, participants performed a global–local letter task after viewing images of baby animals, adult animals, and neutral objects. In general, global features were processed faster than local features. However, this global precedence effect was reduced after viewing cute images. Results show that participants performed tasks requiring focused attention more carefully after viewing cute images. This is interpreted as the result of a narrowed attentional focus induced by the cuteness-triggered positive emotion that is associated with approach motivation and the tendency toward systematic processing. For future applications, cute objects may be used as an emotion elicitor to induce careful behavioral tendencies in specific situations, such as driving and office work.

in other words, translated by TD:  I love academic speak trying to basically say “seeing cute animals makes you happy, and helps you focus” and turning it into: “a narrowed attentional focus induced by the cuteness-triggered positive emotion that is associated with approach motivation and the tendency toward systematic processing.” Either way, while the study really only focused on “cute” images, it didn’t take long for people to (perhaps reasonably) extrapolate the findings to cat videos as well.

Sad: 75 Year Old Explanation For Why Copyrights Are Bad… Locked Up Behind Paywall
www.techdirt.com/articles/20121016/17553220724/sad-75-year-old-explanation-why-copyrights-are-bad-locked-up-behind-paywall.shtml

While I’ve seen a number of historical arguments along those lines (Fritz Machlup’s economic review of the patent system comes to mind), I had not heard of Plant’s two articles. So I went in search of them… and discovered that they’re locked up behind a paywall. Plant’s key paper, entitled “The Economic Theory Concerning Patents for Inventions” can be found on JSTOR, where they want… $43 for the 21 page article. Yes, it’s more than $2 per page. For a 78 (almost 79) year old document. Then there’s his other key article, “The Economic Aspects of Copyright in Books.” It, too, can be found on JSTOR for $43, though this one is 28 pages, so you get a per-page price of slightly under $2 this time… which still seems crazy.

It’s not just ridiculous that these two publications, both published in 1934, are not in the public domain — considering they argue that such locking up of information and ideas is bad for society, it’s particularly ironic that they are so hard to get and and that JSTOR charges such ridiculous fees for them. Though, I guess if you want to keep such prices high so you can act as a gatekeeper, what better way than to effectively hide these works by pricing them out of the market?

i hav access to those papers thru my university – here they are:

The Economic Aspects of Copyright in Books

The Economic Theory Concerning Patents for Inventions

Dyson on philosophy and the gravitational free lunch
infoproc.blogspot.dk/2012/10/dyson-on-philosophy-and-free-lunch.html

See also my comment there:
I agree with the conclusion “Philosophers became insignificant when philosophy became a separate
academic discipline, distinct from science and history and literature
and religion.”. Many people don’t like this conclusion. I think of it as obvious. Philosophers who do not concern themselves with modern information about reality are not particularly interesting.
I think the most interesting areas for modern philosophy are:
First, the area of meta-science – making breakthroughs with things like how to do good systematic reviews, how to set up good peer review systems, designing proper laws for the information society.
Second, the claiming of new ground – the establishing of new scientific fields of study. Working together with scientists to push the limits of human knowledge. Combining their broad knowledge of many fields of science to combine into new fields.
Third, research into rationality, especially instrumental rationality. Working together with logicians, AI designers and psychologists to squeeze the most out of the human brain. And how to improve our cognitive abilities through whatever means we can find.
Fourth, as policy makers, polymaths or science generalists who have a very broad knowledge of many scientific fields and can thus make good decisions about which way to take society. Politicians as they are now are notoriously bad at this.
Personally, I’m trying to get myself into the position of especially #4 above. I’m a board member of the Danish Pirate Party, and I’m pushing for evidence-based policies having to do with whatever. I studied philosophy for two years at university, and thought it was a waste of time. So instead of following classes, I started reading up on a host of other things.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domesticated_silver_fox (via econstudentlog)

“The domesticated silver fox (marketed as the Siberian fox) is a domesticated form of the silver morph of the red fox. As a result of selective breeding, the new foxes became tamer and more dog-like.
The result of over 50 years of experiments in the Soviet Union and Russia, the breeding project was set up in 1959[1] by Soviet scientist Dmitri Belyaev. It continues today at The Institute of Cytology and Genetics at Novosibirsk, under the supervision of Lyudmila Trut. […]
Belyaev believed that the key factor selected for in the domestication of dogs was not size or reproduction, but behavior; specifically, amenability to domestication, or tameability. He selected for low flight distance, that is, the distance one can approach the animal before it runs away. Selecting this behavior mimics the natural selection that must have occurred in the ancestral past of dogs. More than any other quality, Belyaev believed, tameability must have determined how well an animal would adapt to life among humans. Since behavior is rooted in biology, selecting for tameness and against aggression means selecting for physiological changes in the systems that govern the body’s hormones and neurochemicals. Belyaev decided to test his theory by domesticating foxes; in particular, the silver fox, a dark color form of the red fox. He placed a population of them in the same process of domestication, and he decided to submit this population to strong selection pressure for inherent tameness.[3]
The result is that Russian scientists now have a number of domesticated foxes that are fundamentally different in temperament and behavior from their wild forebears. Some important changes in physiology and morphology are now visible, such as mottled or spotted colored fur. Many scientists believe that these changes related to selection for tameness are caused by lower adrenaline production in the new breed, causing physiological changes in very few generations and thus yielding genetic combinations not present in the original species. This indicates that selection for tameness (i.e. low flight distance) produces changes that are also influential on the emergence of other “dog-like” traits, such as raised tail and coming into heat every six months rather than annually.”

for many news related to prostitution (an interesting area!), neofeminism, blank slatism and the like, see Maggie McNeil’s blog which has weekly link collections and updates:

maggiemcneill.wordpress.com/2012/10/20/that-was-the-week-that-was-42/
maggiemcneill.wordpress.com/2012/10/21/links-120/

random example: www.metro.co.uk/news/915286-police-use-taser-on-blind-man-whose-stick-was-mistaken-for-samurai-sword

Police use Taser on blind man whose stick was mistaken for samurai sword
Police in Lancashire have apologised to a blind stroke victim after he was hit by a Taser when his white stick was mistaken for a samurai sword.

www.techdirt.com/articles/20121022/10072320787/italian-scientists-convicted-manslaughter-sentenced-to-6-years-jail-over-earthquake-they-failed-to-predict-properly.shtml

beyond insane

 

Some links and quotes

www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1090513898000452

Abstract

 

We recruited two groups of women who differed in their number of lifetime sex partners in order to investigate several hypotheses related to female sociosexuality. Specifically, we explored whether women who engage in casual sex have low mate value, are especially likely to have come from stressful family environments, or are masculine in other respects besides their interest in casual sex. Women with many partners were not lower than other women on direct or indirect indicators of mate value. Nor were they more likely to recall adverse family environments during childhood. On several measures related to masculinity, women with many sex partners were elevated compared with other women.

www.frc.org/get.cfm?i=IS04C02

Comparing the Lifestyles of Homosexual Couples to Married Couples

Yes, bad source, but its more a collection of other sources. Its a xtian org. that tries to convince ppl of the dangers of homosexuality. I was just looking for some numbers on the average number of partners by sexual orentiation.

online.wsj.com/article/SB10000872396390443768804578034331419449540.html

The Folly of Appeasement

appeasing muslims will never work – offense is in the eye of the offended.

muslims want to be offended. sucks to be them.

www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160289612001018

Abstract

 

The current study tests if the type of children’s daily main meal (slow versus fast food) mediates the association of socioeconomic status (SES) with cognitive ability and cognitive growth in childhood. A Scottish birth cohort (Growing Up in Scotland) was assessed at ages 3 (N = 4512) and 5 years (N = 3833) on cognitive ability (i.e. vocabulary and picture similarities), SES, and the frequency of having slow and fast food main meals per week. SES was highly correlated at ages 3 and 5 years, while intelligence and the type of meal were only moderately associated across ages. SES at age 3 was positively related to ability at age 3 but not at age 5. The type of meals partially mediated the effects of SES on cognitive ability at ages 3 and 5, with more slow meals being associated with better cognitive performance. Furthermore, a higher frequency of slow food meals were positively related to cognitive growth between ages 3 and 5 years, after adjusting for SES and prior cognitive ability; however, they only accounted for a negligible amount of the variance in cognitive change. Overall, slow food was associated with better cognitive ability and cognitive growth in childhood, albeit corresponding effect sizes were small.

 

I read the paper. Maybe. Its a pretty small effect. I dont like the lack of control of parent IQ.

Testing the Affiliation Hypothesis of Homoerotic Motivation in Humans: The Effects of

Progesterone and Priming

 

The frequency of homoerotic behavior among individuals who do not identify as having

an exclusively homosexual sexual orientation suggests that such behavior potentially

has adaptive value. Among both male and female nonhuman primates, affiliation,

broadly defined, is one of the main drivers of homoerotic behavior. Correspondingly, in

humans, both across cultures and across historical periods, homoerotic behavior

appears to play a role in promoting social bonds. However, to date, the affiliation

explanation of human homoerotic behavior has not been adequately tested

experimentally. Here, we first develop a measure of homoerotic motivation. Next, we

find that, in women, homoerotic motivation is positively associated with progesterone, a

hormone that has been shown to promote affiliative bonding. Lastly, we explore the

effects of affiliative contexts on homoerotic motivation in men, finding that men in an

affiliative priming condition are more likely to endorse engaging in homoerotic behavior

compared to those primed with neutral or sexual concepts, and this effect is

pronounced in men with high progesterone. These findings constitute the first

experimental support for the affiliation account of the evolution of homoerotic

motivation in humans.

 

related to my proposed theory of the origin of homosexuality. found it via the Evolutionary Psychology group on facebook.

www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2212992/University-atheist-society-ordered-freshers-fair-displaying-blasphemous-pineapple-called-Mohammed.html

www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=wronger-than-wrong

I was reading about the frase “not even wrong”. I didnt know that Shermer was a race cognitive difference denier, and also apparently a denier of a g factor ability difference between the sexes. Its kinda dumb to use such examples to suggest how science got it wrong in the past, especially if one is a historian of science and self-described skeptic.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wronger_than_wrong

 

blogs.discovermagazine.com/notrocketscience/2012/03/13/sugar-sweet-taste-cats-dolphins-carnivores-genes/

 

 

infoproc.blogspot.dk/2012/10/my-controversial-views.html

 

www.telegraph.co.uk/science/science-news/9480372/Genetically-engineering-ethical-babies-is-a-moral-obligation-says-Oxford-professor.html

 

“”Whether we like it or not, the future of humanity is in our hands now. Rather than fearing genetics, we should embrace it. We can do better than chance.” “

 

Amen to that. It is just irresponsible not to do so.

There certainly are a lot of eugenicists and heraditarians among my favorite authors. I also feel compelled to mention that Philippe Rushton passed away very recently. But Richard Lynn seems to be going strong still. Art Jensen is also alive. Certainly the heraditarians are not going to go away. Well, there will be some change in the ranks, surely, but the position will become increasingly more popular as the evidence becomes even more obvious than it already is.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._Philippe_Rushton

 

Here is a much more mainstream eugenicist speech, at a TED conference. Apparently, the rule is just that one doesnt mention the word, then everything is fine.

 

www.ted.com/talks/harvey_fineberg_are_we_ready_for_neo_evolution.html

 

 

Apparently a sample of a standard retarded leftist treatment of Rushton:

www.salon.com/2012/10/06/leading_race_scientist_dies_in_canada/singleton/

 

It hurts to read.

 

 

www.iol.co.za/lifestyle/love-sex/marriage/i-do-as-long-as-you-don-t-play-the-piano-1.1397489

“A calorie is a calorie” violates the second law of thermodynamics

 

 

-

www.nutritionj.com/content/3/1/9

Abstract:

The principle of “a calorie is a calorie,” that weight change in hypocaloric diets is independent of macronutrient composition, is widely held in the popular and technical literature, and is frequently justified by appeal to the laws of thermodynamics. We review here some aspects of thermodynamics that bear on weight loss and the effect of macronutrient composition. The focus is the so-called metabolic advantage in low-carbohydrate diets – greater weight loss compared to isocaloric diets of different composition. Two laws of thermodynamics are relevant to the systems considered in nutrition and, whereas the first law is a conservation (of energy) law, the second is a dissipation law: something (negative entropy) is lost and therefore balance is not to be expected in diet interventions. Here, we propose that a misunderstanding of the second law accounts for the controversy about the role of macronutrient effect on weight loss and we review some aspects of elementary thermodynamics. We use data in the literature to show that thermogenesis is sufficient to predict metabolic advantage. Whereas homeostasis ensures balance under many conditions, as a general principle, “a calorie is a calorie” violates the second law of thermodynamics.

 

interesting.