The Myth of Morality and carelessness

I’m currently reading The Myth of Morality by Richard Joyce. In the summery section of chapter three he presents a central argument thus: 1. If x morally ought to Ø, then x ought to Ø regardless of what his desires and interests are. 2. If x morally ought to Ø, then x has a reason…

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Explicating reliability

One may talk of a reliable car. “Reliable” here clearly means a car that has a high success rate of doing what it is supposed to (e.g. getting one where one wants to go in a reasonable time). One may also talk of a reliable source of information, that is, an authority. Can we understand…

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Norman Swartz on realism about abstract objects

“Although I generally prefer negative theories – those which posit as few unempirical concepts* as possible – my own leanings in this particular case are toward Realism. My attraction to the theory is bolstered by one further consideration: I can see no way to account for the existence of certain items, e.g. pieces of music,…

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Careful with that equivocation, Eugene!

ACB: 1. S knows that every statement in his geography textbook is correct. (His well-qualified geography teacher has told him: “I have checked this book carefully, and everything in it is correct”. The teacher is right, and S believes him.) 2. One of the statements in the textbook is that Quito is the capital of…

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Identity and personal identity

Some people think that the identity notion is captured by the second proposal above. I think we need two notions of identity. I will not discuss that now. Strict identity For all things, for all things, for all predicates, that x and y are strictly identical logically implies that that x has predicate F is…

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Interpretation of “always”

Sometimes it is clear that “always” should be interpreted as various temporal logics suggest. Other times it should not be interpreted as anything that has to do with time. Consider this fictive conversation: “Generally women prefer men with high social above men without.” “Not always.” But the first utterance has nothing to do with time….

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