Organ donation consent vs. actual rates

There is a famous paper arguing the case for libertarian paternalism by using organ donation consent rates. Johnson, E. J., & Goldstein, D. (2003). Do defaults save lives?. Science, 302(5649), 1338-1339. The main result is this: So having opt-out drastically increases consent rates compared with opt-in. These countries have various other differences between them, but…

Continue Reading

Clinical vs. statistical prediction

I learned about this topic many years ago reading Scott Lilienfeld‘s 50 Myths of popular psychology. In it, they write: In his blockbuster bestselling book Blink: The Power of Thinking Without Thinking, journalist Malcolm Gladwell (2005) argued that experts reach decisions by focusing on the most relevant information and making accurate snap judgments. They can…

Continue Reading