## Truth tables and necessary truths

In the essay Validity and necessary truths I used truth tables with necessary truths and impossibilities in it. I did it like this: P □Q P→□Q T T T F T T Note that the modal operator is placed in the truth table also. It could also be done like this: P Q P→Q T…

## Quote of the day: Jake "Leaf" Greenleaf

Concerning a formal debate with a theist: “I’m not telling the theist how to affirm, I’m saying how to present it. A numbered list of premises, inferences and a conclusion would be required, because informal debating is terrible for pointing out fallacies.” Ain’t that the truth! Unfortunately not many people realize this and the world…

## Logical impossibilities

What does impossible mean? Other than ‘not-possible’. Logical impossibility is the topic of this essay. More specifically we’re going to explore the two distinct meanings of logical impossible that I briefly mentioned in a previous essay A journey into possibility land.1 The two logical impossibilities The two kinds of logical impossibility are absolute and relative…

## Some modal fallacy whine

Given how much debate the modal fallacy have spawned on FRDB, it’s interesting to note how little two academics wrote about it when they encountered it while discussing knowledge skepticism: 2. If a belief could be mistaken, then it is not knowledge. “The phrase ‘could be mistaken’ is susceptible to a number of interpretations. According…

## Definition of 'a probability'

A probability is something that is more than a mere logical possibility. I also think that it is stronger than a mere physical possibility (I’m a regularity theorist). Here’s one definition of it: p is a probability iff Pr(p)=>0. I’m not sure about this definition. It may be that my proposed definition is best taken…

## Two ideas for torrent clients

Automatic addition of trackers With the probable closure of The Pirate Bay (TPB) in the near future the torrent scene will be more decentralized. Especially if the TPB tracker goes down. Luckily there are new upcoming trackers to take its place. The problem is that they are not in many of the torrent files. Besides…

This is absolutely hilarious! http://rinkworks.com/said/courtroom.shtml Quoting: “The following quotations are taken from official court records across the nation, showing how funny and embarrassing it is that recorders operate at all times in courts of law, so that even the slightest inadvertence is preserved for posterity.” Some examples: Lawyer: “Now, Mrs. Johnson, how was your first…

## Language, truth makers and truth guides

The issue is what the truth maker is of a certain type (subset), L, of propositions. A proposition belongs to L iff it has the form “X is the correct way to spell the word.”. Truth makers and truth guides A truth maker is what makes something true. ‘makes’ here is a semantic relation. What…

## Grammatical conjugation with verbs

A little experiment using another style of writing. My inspiration is this short story by Smullyan.1 It is very good. Some background knowledge of epistemology is advised. First is the dialogue. Then there is some additional promotion I wrote together with a friend when we were waiting for a train to arrive. Dialogue Mr. Language…

## Implying a category error

It sometimes happens that one is analyzing some theory and one discovers that the theory in some sense implies something meaningless. But that doesn’t make sense when we think about it. Meaningfulness/meaninglessness is only applicable to sentences, and not to propositions. Implication is only defined in relation to propositions. So when we encounter the scenario…